IMPERIUMDAILY.COM-JAKARTA – As the most popular Electronic System Provider (PSE), Facebook, Twitter and Instagram now have to limit the behavior of their users. Specifically, in terms of posting negative content, SARA and hoaxes.
The reason is that the Ministry of Communication and Information Republic of Indonesia is preparing fines regulations for the three PSEs if they still allow negative content.
The threat of fines worth hundreds of millions was contained in Government Regulation Number 71 of 2019 concerning the Implementation of Electronic Transactions and Systems (PSTE).
“With this PP, PSE like Facebook, Twitter must actively block negative content that has been classified in the ITE Law. Fines from Rp100 to Rp500 million per content,” said Director General of Informatics Applications, Semuel Abrijani Pangerapan, as reported by CNN, Monday 4 November 2019.
According to Samuel, the regulation of the fine will be effective starting 2021, due to the socialization and transition process by each PSE.
Referring to the ITE Law, the negative content in question is related to immoral acts, false news, and includes SARA. Samuel said, the Ministry of Communication and Information will continue to patrol and accept all incoming complaints.
Samuel added, PSE actually has the ability to filter content. Dissemination of negative content will be suppressed if each PSE is strict in limiting incoming content.
“Facebook is fined by the United States because it is negligent that it does not use technology. It does not violate (negative content rules), ethically according to the US Senate with the ability of FB should be able to prevent negative content,” Samuel said.
While the Minister of Communication and Information, Johnny G. Plate, fully supports the regulation of this fine. According to him, it was time for the government to take decisive steps to provide a deterrent effect to PSE.
“Civil sanctions are needed because it does not just stop apologizing and [actions] blocking [accounts]. In fact, it is an additional sanction, there are financial obligations,” Johnny said, quoted by CNN, Tuesday, November 5, 2019.
The regulation of the fine, which will be prepared this coming December, is an improvement to Permen (Ministeral Regulation) 36 of 2014. The content and systematic criteria for fines will be revised again.
“There is a Permen. Therefore, there will be a Permen regarding what content can be fined. There is a mechanism, what is the penalty. There are calculations, it is separate,” Semuel explained, quoted by Kompas.com.
Responding to the threat of this fine, Facebook claims to be ready to comply with the regulations that will be determined. This includes paying fines if negative content is still found on their platform.
“Overall we support (PP PSTE), because it is a full policy of the government. In fact, this regulation can control the types of content that circulate on digital platforms,” explained Head of Facebook Indonesia Public Policy, Ruben Hattari, in a press conference at the Office of the Ministry of Communication and Information, Jakarta, Thursday 7 November 2019.
Ruben explained, Facebook also has community guidelines for controlling incoming content. Reuben hopes that Facebook will work together with the Ministry of Communication and Information in eradicating the circulation of negative content. (lna/yos)