Karaeng Galesong, Anak Raja Gowa yang Mati di Malang Saat Melawan Belanda

NUSADAILY.COM – In Ngantang District Malang Regency there is a Karaeng Galesong tomb in Sumberagung, Ngantang District. Karaeng Galesong was born March 29, 1655, he was the son of Gowa King, Sultan Hasanuddin Tummenangaribella. He is a very determined Dutch hero. In fact, he was willing to get out of the palace of King Gowa because he refused to make peace with the Dutch, which he considered the archipelago’s main enemy.

Karaeng Galesong fled from Gowa to Lombok, crossed the island of Bali and then reached the land of Java. At that time in the East Java region there were two great and feared rulers, namely Adipati Anom in Mataram and Trunojoyo in Madura. The two great rulers were enemies. Karaeng Galesong was familiar with Trunojoyo and had the blessing of marrying his niece, Trunojoyo. Together with around 4 thousand followers, Karaeng continued to wage resistance to the Dutch to the last drop of blood in Ngantang.

Agus Sunyoto, one of Malang humanist said, when Karaeng Galesong arrived in East Java, he was in alliance with the Duke of Madura Trunojoyo. In fact, to strengthen the alliance, Karaeng was married to Trunojoyo’s niece. Then the two fought against the Dutch. This alliance between the Madurese and Makassar armies is said to have always been in the battle against the Dutch. So the Trunojoyo and Karaeng Galesong troops were greatly feared by the Dutch.

However, in his journey there was a dispute. Trunojoyo, who rebelled against Mataram, wanted to continue to be assisted by Karaeng. But Karaeng refused. The reason is Karaeng’s main enemy is the company not Mataram. This relationship continues to be utilized by the Dutch to weaken Madura and Makassar troops.

The dispute became increasingly tense until Tronojoyo suspected that Karaeng was considered to be helping Mataram. Then there was bloodshed until finally Karaeng died. Related to the death of Trunojoyo there are several versions. Some call Karaeng dead at the hands of Trunojoyo, some say died killed by the Dutch. Simpangsiur about the death was because Karaeng was known to be very powerful and difficult to kill. So that even when buried it must be chained and buried in a standing position. “So the distance between the Tombstones and Karaeng’s grave is very short, because he is buried in a standing and chained position,” said Siswantoro, one of the Sumberagung Village leaders.

There is even another source that says, because it is so great to kill, Karaeng must be separated between his head and body. Because, if the head is still related to the body, Karaeng is hard to die by any means. It is said that his head was buried in one of the rice fields in Ngantang while his body was in the current public cemetery. That is also one of the reasons why the distance between the Tombstones in Karaeng is very short.

The figure of Karaeng Galesong is highly respected by the people of Ngantang. Because he was known as a figure of a warrior who surrender against the Dutch. So, the people of Ngantang Karaeng are called Mbah Rojo. Until now, residents call the tomb of Karaeng as the tomb of Mbah Rojo. Residents continue to treat the tomb well. The condition of the tomb is left as is. In the form of a pile of stones and headstones.

In the Karaeng tomb complex, there are 10 other tombs suspected of being followers of Karaeng. To the north of the gravestone is an inscription written by the recitation group. The contents of the inscriptions are as follows; Here the tomb of the great warrior who never gave up opposing the VOC and tyranny in the 17th century the son of Sultan Hasanuddin 16th King Gowa Son-in-law Raden Trunojoyo student Panembahan Giri warlord Laskar Makassar in East Java. Karaeng Galesong Tumenanga Ri Tappan (This is the final resting place of Karaeng Galesong). Jamaah Anshorulloh 1420 H.

According to Siswantoro, the congregation or study group was ordered by Gus Dur to take care of the Karaeng tomb. Before that the people of Ngantang did not know if there were graves of famous people in Ngantang. However, since then the residents found out and then treated. Not long after, many important national figures, especially from Makassar, made a pilgrimage to the tomb of Karaeng Galesong, one of which was Yusuf Kalla. (aka)

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Karaeng Galesong, Anak Raja Gowa yang Mati di Malang Saat Melawan Belanda

IMPERIUMDAILY.COM – Di Kecamatan Ngantang Kabupaten Malang terdapat makam Karaeng Galesong di Dusun/Desa Sumberagung KecamatanNgantang.

Karaeng Galesong lahir 29 Maret 1655, dia adalah anak dari Raja Gowa Sultan  Hasanuddin Tummenangaribella.  Dia adalah pahlawan penentang Belanda yang amat gigih. Bahkan dia rela keluar dari istana Raja Gowa karena menolak berdamai dengan Belanda yang dia anggap sebagai musuhutama masyarakat Nusantara.

Karaeng Galesong melarikan diri dai Gowa menuju Lombok menyeberangi pulau Bali lalu sampai ke tanah Jawa. Di masa itu di wilayah Jawa Timur terdapat dua penguasa besar dan ditakuti, yakni Adipati Anom di Mataram dan Trunojoyo di Madura.

Kedua penguasa besar ini saling bermusuhan. Karaeng Galesong diakrabi oleh Trunojoyo dan mendapat restu menikahi keponakan Trunojoyo. Bersama sekitar 4 ribu pengikutnya Karaeng terus mengobarkan perlawanan kepda Belanda hingga titik darah penghabisannya di Ngantang.  

Agus Sunyoto, salah satu budayawan Malang, ketika sampai di Jawa Timur Karaeng Galesong bersekutu dengan Adipati Madura Trunojoyo. Bahkan untuk memperkuat persekutuan itu Karaeng dinikahkan dengan keponakan Trunojoyo. Kemudian keduanya berjuang melawan Belanda.

Persekutuan antara tentara Madura dan Makassar ini konon selalu memang dalam pertempuran melawan Belanda. Sehingga pasukan Trunojoyo dan Karaeng Galesong sangat ditakuti Belanda.

Namun, dalam perjalanannya ada perselisihan. Trunojoyo yang memberontak kepada Mataram ingin terus dibantu oleh Karaeng. Namun Karaeng menolak. Alasannya musuh utama Karaeng adalah kompeni bukan Mataram. Perselishan ini terus berlanjut dan terus dimanfaatkan oleh Belanda untuk melemahkan pasukan Madura dan Makassar.

Perselisihan itu semakin meruncing hingga Tronojoyo curiga bahwa Karaeng dianggap membantu Mataram. Lalu terjadi pertumpahan darah hingga akhirnya Karaeng meninggal. Terkait meninggalnya Trunojoyo ini ada beberapa versi. Ada yang menyebut Karaeng meninggal  di tangan Trunojoyo, ada yang menyebut meninggal dibunuh Belanda.

Simpangsiur soal kematian itu karena Karaeng dikenal sangat sakti dan sulit dibunuh. Sehingga ketika dimakamkanpun harus dirantai dan dikuburkan dalam posisi berdiri. ”Makanya jarak batu nisan makam Karaeng sangat pendek, karena beliau dimakamkan dalam posisi berdiri dan dirantai,” kata Siswantoro, salah satu tokoh Desa Sumberagung.

Bahkan ada sumber lain yang menyebutkan, karena saking hebatnya untuk membunuh Karaeng harus dipisahkan antara kepala dan badannya. Sebab, jika kepala itu masih terkait dengan badan, dengan cara apapun Karaeng sulit mati.

Konon kepalanya dimakamkan di salah satu persawahan di Ngantang sedangkan tubuhnya di pemakaman umum yang sekarang. Itu pula yang menjadi salah satu penyebab, kenapa jarak batu nisan makam Karaeng sangat pendek.

Sosok Karaeng Galesong sangat dihormati oleh masyarakat Ngantang. Karena dia dikenal sebagai sosok pejuang yang tak kenal menyerah melawan Belanda.

Maka, oleh warga Ngantang Karaeng disebut sebagai Mbah Rojo. Sampai sekarang warga menyebut makam Karaeng sebagai makam Mbah Rojo. Warga terus merawat makam itu dengan baik. Keadaan makam dibiarkan apa adanya. Berupa tumpukan batu dan nisan.

Di kompleks makam Karaeng terdapat 10 makam lain yang diduga sebagai pengikut Karaeng. Di sebelah utara nisan terdapat prasasti yang ditulis oleh kelompok pengajian.

Isi prasastinya adalah sebagai berikut ; Di sini makam pejuang agung yang pantang menyerah menentang VOC dan kedzaliman di abad ke-17 putra Sultan Hasanuddin Raja Gowa ke-16 Menantu Raden Trunojoyo  murid Panembahan Giri panglima perang Laskar Makassar di Jawa Timur. Karaeng Galesong Tumenanga Ri Tappan (Di sini tempat peristirahatan terakhir Karaeng Galesong). Jamaah Anshorulloh 1420 H.

Menurut Siswantoro jamaah atau kelompok pengajian itu diperintah Gus Dur untuk merawat makam Karaeng tersebut. Sebelum itu masyarakat Ngantang tidak mengetahui jika ada makam orang besar di Ngantang. Namun, sejak itulah warga mengetahui kemudian merawat. Tak berselang lama, banyak tokoh penting nasional utamanya dari Makassar yang berziarah ke makam Karaeng Galesong, salah satunya Yusuf Kalla. (aka)

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