Last Place of Defense Remains of Majapahit Kingdom in Malang

Reminisce About Kepanjen History of Malang Regency in the Kingdom Period (1)

NUSADAILY.COM-MALANG – Communities around Sawojajar Housing, colleagues, and when they were still in school, called him Indy. Although the true name of this 22-year-old woman is Indriyanti.
Even so, not many people know that this sweet-faced Javanese woman with rounded browed face and dark black hair is a descendant of King Sengguruh (Tanjung Sengguruh) Raden Pramana. The last king was still left after being defeated by the Demak Sultanate who formed a coalition with the Kingdom of Giri in the XV century.

I met and chatting casually with Indy happened accidentally in a cafe on the outskirts of Malang. Her elegant appearance seemed to imply that this young woman was of royal descent in her day. From the few pleasantries, it was revealed that the dimpled woman on her right cheek was one of the descendants of the king who had ruled in Malang.

Indy memorized very well how the history and background of the Capital of Malang Regency was moved to Kepanjen. Kepanjen geo-strategic and surrounding areas, especially the southern part of Kepanjen, which is mountainous with limestone (Kendeng Tengah Mountains) and protected by Brantas river flow on the east and south side and Metro on the west side, is said to be used as the center of defense and base of the Banners. This area is suitable for resignation, coordination and then launching resistance against the occupying authorities to free the area east of Gunung Kawi from Kadiri control.

Toponimi “Jenggolo” around Sengguruh and his rich archaeological traces, reinforce the evidence of the position of the Banners in this area. The collective memory of the local residents gave birth to the birth of the “Kapanjian” toponimi and then changed slightly in the pronunciation to “Kepanjen” for the South Malang sub-area.

Although still relatively young, Indy was very admirable when telling stories about the history of Malang Regency. He was very good at telling how his parents defended the last kingdom in Malang from occupying other kingdoms. At the end of the Hindu-Buddhist Period (the second half of the XV century – early XVI century). The former resistance center of the Jenggala kingdom’s banner in South Kepanjen was made the center of government (kadatwan) of the last Hindu kingdom of Sengguruh (Tanjung Sengguruh) in the face of the expansion of the Demak Sultanate which was in alliance with Giri.

My ancestor Raden Pramana (son of “Guste Pate” or Patih Udara, the ruler of Mahapahit in Dhaha) was only subdued by Sultan Trenggono in 1545 AD, after most of the local rulers in East Java were defeated by Demak. It can be said that the historical setting of why the southern sub-area of ​​Malang is called “Kepanjen”. As the basis of the resistance of the Jenggala kingdom Panji (mid-XII century – early XIII century). And at the same time the Sengguruh royal cadat (the second half of the XV century – the first half of the XVI century), is sufficient reason to state that the Kepanjen region was the former center of the Hindu-Buddhist Period. Thus, there are historical reasons that are not making this up if the central government of Malang is now placed in Kepanjen.

One of the places in the Malang Regency region, which is now used as an embryo for the center of district government is “Kepanjen”. The main question related to this is: does the use of “Kepanjen” topomy have a historical setting? – related to the Regional History of Malang. If it is proven “yes”, then it is sufficient reason if Kepanjen is made the center of the Malang Regency government, as a substitute for the previous government center which coincides with the center of the government of Malang City.

The name “Kepanjen” is very likely an oralisation of the textual term “ka-Panji”, which is gradually pronounced as “Panji-ness”, and then experiences the same “a + i = e” becomes “Kepanjen”. Thus, the root word (lingga) is ‘banner’.

The word “Panji” is a term in Old Javanese/Middle Javanese, which in the New Javanese and Indonesian languages ​​literally means: flag or pataka. This term has at least been mentioned in the inscriptions of Airlangga XI century AD, in the context of office in the government bureaucracy. In the younger years, especially the Mahapahit Period, the term “banner” was widely obtained in the song of the kidung literature, specifically propped up to the crown prince of the kingdom of Koripan (Kahuripan). (hanan jalil)

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