IMPERIUMDAILY.COM-TIONGKOK – The lover of culinary soup is certainly familiar to the existence of a bowl with a rooster. This classic bowl is often used by meatball or chicken noodle sellers to serve the food.
In the negri tirai bambu (bamboo curtain country), this bowl is not just a daily tableware for the people. But it is also famous for being a property material in Hong Kong films by Stephen Chow in the early 90s.
According to Chinese historical records, at that time the Emperor ordered 4 bowls with roosters and hens. The Emperor ordered it for a ceramic craftsman who often worked on palace orders. The craftsman is in the Jingdezhen area (Jiangxi Province), which since the 6th century is known for its quality ceramics.
Emperor Chenghua ordered 4 ceramic bowls using the doucai technique. The bowl was made specifically for herself and her queen as a sign of love.
The bowl is known as Jigangbei, which means ‘chicken bowl’. On the bowl there is a painting of a picture of a rooster, a hen, and a pair of chicks which means prosperity, many children, many fortune.
This chicken bowl has symbolic meaning. The word Ji 鸡, which means ‘chicken’, resembles the word Jia 家 which means home/family.
While the picture of the peony plant symbolizes wealth, and the picture of a banana tree with wide leaves means good luck for the family.
Because they really like the bowl with the picture of the chicken, they dare to set high prices to just have it.
At the end of the Qing Dynasty’s reign, bowls with roosters began to be mass produced. At that time, the lower middle class in China could only use a bowl with a picture of chicken. Because, bowls with dragon, hong, or other motifs are usually more expensive.
For Chinese farmers, a bowl with a picture of a rooster symbolizes hard work for prosperity. It’s like reminding the role of roosters who always crow to wake them up in the morning, to immediately start the day by working in the garden or farm.
Around the beginning of the 20th century, roosters began to penetrate the world. Initially the bowl was brought by immigrants, who live around the factory, Guangdong Province.
Then they spread as overseas to several countries in Southeast Asia, such as Thailand, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, to Indonesia.
Rooster bowl is increasingly being produced. The manufacturing technique developed, which was originally painted by hand (manually), to use machine molds.
Today, roosters made during the empire are hunted by antique collectors around the world. Characteristics at the bottom of the bowl there is a stamp stamp, or the name and year of making dynasty.
The 500-year-old Chenghua bowl, which comes from the Ming dynasty, is known to date only 16 remain in the world, 4 of which are owned by individuals, the rest are collected by public museums.
This bowl has been auctioned several times by Sotheby’s auction body in Hong Kong in the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s and finally in 2014. The highest auction value reached USD $ 36.3 million or 508.2 billion rupiahs with exchange rate of IDR 14000 per 1 USD. (mel/yos)