IMPERIUMDAILY.COM-MALANG – The American Space Agency (NASA) is trying to attract the attention of the community amid their efforts to study the planet Mars so that it can be inhabited by humans or for tourism purposes.
Although it has not been able to determine when humans can set foot on Mars, NASA has invited tourist interest through the name delivery program.
The full name of the applicant who is interested will be clipped and later carried by the spaceship to the NASA Mars 2020 mission. As planned, the spacecraft for the NASA Mars 2020 mission was launched in July 2020 and landed on this Red planet in February 2021.
On September 30, 2019, the program to send names and souvenirs was closed. The number of people who registered their names was 10,932,295, according to the site mars.nasa.gov.
Then, what special tourist attractions that can be visited by earth tourists?
Reporting from tirto.id, NASA has interesting places that can be used as solar system tours at a cost of USD 500 thousand.
Mount Olympus is the most extreme volcanic mountain in the solar system. This mountain is in the Tharsis volcanic region. The size is as large as the state of Arizona, USA, as reported by NASA.
This mountain is estimated to have erupted every two billion years ago, or half the time that Mars was formed.
Tharsis itself is an area of four thousand square kilometers, which houses two giant volcanic sites.
In addition to giant volcanic mountains, Mars has a giant canyon along 3 thousand kilometers or about four times the length of the Grand Canyon in the US which is only about 500 km.
Experts suspect the Valles Marineris was formed when an explosion occurred in the Tharsis region, lava flowed over the place to form a canyon.Valles Marineris
Beside giant volcanic mountains, Mars has a giant canyon along 3 thousand kilometers or about four times the length of the Grand Canyon in the US which is only about 500 km.
Experts suspect the Valles Marineris was formed when an explosion occurred in the Tharsis region, lava flowed over the place to form a canyon.
North Pole and South Pole
These two poles, formed from ice, are like the earth. Phoenix Lander released a photograph showing the appearance of the north and south poles of Mars.
In the Martian winter, carbon dioxide in the atmosphere freezes on the surface of the atmosphere. Conversely, in the summer the carbon dioxide sublimes again. Climate change throughout the year causes symptoms such as wind and other effects.
Gale Crater and Mount Sharp (Mount Aeolis)
The Gale Crater is a crater used for the Curiosity Rover spacecraft landing in 2012 to find out the water content on Mars.
The plane found a vast trail of water along the crater floor. In addition, Curiosity discovered other organic molecules on several occasions, such as rocks aged 3.5 billion, the concentration of methane in the atmosphere that changes depending on the season.
Methane is a gas produced by living things, showing the activity of living things on Mars, Space launch.
Ghost Sand Dunes in Noctis Labyrinthus and Basin Hellas
Researchers have recently discovered that Mars is also formed by wind movement, especially since evaporation water in the atmosphere is running low.
An area called the Ghost Sand Hill is able to show the presence of water that is covered with dry sand due to wind movement. Researchers suspect there is an ancient natural environment on the Red Planet. And there may be microbes hiding behind layers of sand.
To be able to go to Mars, many things need to be prepared. Especially funds. The final cost to go to Mars can vary, depending on how many people will be transported there.
Elon Musk, founder of Tesla, said the cost required to go to Mars was 500 thousand US dollars, according to CNBC.
The plane to be used on Mars is also a SpaceX rocket made by SpaceX. Meanwhile, The Raptor is a rocket engine that will launch SpaceX.
The plan, Starship aircraft will have seven Raptor engines and launchers that will release rockets. Another aircraft, Super Heavy, is planned to have 31 Raptor engines.
Taken from jpl.nasa.gov, what will be sent to Mars will be robot scientists who weigh more than 2,300 pounds (1,000 kilograms). This smart robot will look for signs of past microbial life, characterizing climate and geology.
In addition, robots also collect samples to return to earth in the future. This robot is expected to pave the way for human exploration on the Red planet.
“As we prepare to launch this historic Mars mission, we want everyone to share in this exploration journey,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate (SMD) in Washington.
“This is an exciting time for NASA, when we embark on this journey to answer deep questions about our neighboring planet, and even the origin of life itself.” (yos)