IMPERIUMDAILY.COM – JAKARTA – For three days from 17 to 18 December 2019 in Geneva, Switzerland, the Global Refugee Forum was held for the first time in the world. It is estimated that the Forum was attended by more than 2,000 government representatives, the United Nations, representatives of civil society and humanitarian agencies and business leaders.
In this case, Indonesia also sent a delegation, one of them from the parliamentary institution of the Indonesian Parliament which also attended with representatives of a number of its members.
According to Abdul Kharis Almasyahari as Deputy Chairperson of the House of Representatives Commission 1 who attended the forum, the Gobal Refugees Forum aims to determine a new approach and agree on a long-term commitment to help the refugees and the communities that host them.
“More than 70 million people worldwide have been displaced by war, conflict and persecution. Among them are more than 25 million refugees who cross international borders and cannot return home. This is clearly our common problem, world problem, Global humanitarian problem. We have to find a solution together, not just one or a number of countries,” Kharis said.
He explained, the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) told a number of media that more than two-thirds of refugees worldwide came from only five countries: Syria (6.7 million), Afghanistan (2.7 million), South Sudan (2.3 million), Myanmar (1.1 million), and Somalia (0.9 million). The UNHCR said the latest data showed Turkey is a country that holds the largest number of refugees, namely 3.7 million, mostly from Syria.
In addition to the large refugees in the above countries, there has been a trend of a wave of global refugees who have been flowing into Indonesia in recent years. They moved because it was triggered by war, conflict and persecution in their home countries.
In response to this situation, the Indonesian government has endorsed Presidential Regulation (Perpres) No. 125 of 2016 concerning Handling of Refugees from Abroad. Broadly speaking, Perpres 125 regulates how the central government and regional governments can help refugees in their areas and coordinate with UNHCR to find problems and find solutions for refugees.
“I think in terms of dealing with refugees, Indonesia can offer itself to be a solution for countries that do not ratify the UN Conventions and Protocols on Refugee Status by making local regulations, so that efforts to fulfill fundamental rights for the most vulnerable refugees, such as temporary accommodation facilities and access to health services can be provided, “said Kharis.(dan)