IMPERIUMDAILY.COM – MALANG – New year celebrations apparently already existed in 2000 BC in the Middle East. But the New Year celebration at that time still did not use the calendar as it is today. The people of Mesopotamia celebrate the turn of the year when the sun is directly above the equator, or precisely on March 20 for the calendar year.
Until now, Iran still celebrates the new year on March 20, 21 or 22, called Nowruz.
For the Christian calendar, the New Year was first celebrated on January 1, 45 BC. Shortly after Julius Caesar was crowned emperor of Rome, he decided to replace the traditional Roman calendar that had been created since the seventh century BC. In designing this new calendar, Julius Caesar was assisted by Sosigenes, an astronomer from Alexandria, who suggested that the new calendar be made by following the solar revolution, as did the Egyptians.
One year in the new calendar counted 365 quarter days and Caesar added 67 days in 45 BC to 46 BC starting on January 1. Caesar also ordered that every four years, one day be added to February, which could theoretically avoid irregularities in this new calendar. And this is the origin of the birth of leap years
Shortly before Caesar was killed in 44 BC, he changed the name of the month of Quintilis to his name, namely Julius or July. Then, the name of the month of Sextilis was changed to the name of Julius Caesar’s successor, Emperor Augustus, to August.
This brand-new calendar became known as the Julian Calendar, taken from the name Julius (July) Caesar. When the Julian Calendar was implemented, it did not yet enter the year of Christ. The year of Christ is calculated from the birth of Jesus (Isa Al-Masih) from Nazareth which began to be adopted in Western Europe in the 8th century to calculate the date of Easter based on the year of founding Rome.
Then the Julian Calendar was modified into the Gregorian Calendar and approved by the highest leader of the Catholics at the Vatican, Pope Gregory XIII, in 1582. In the same year, the Pope set January 1 as the first new year. Since that time, every New Year’s Eve has been celebrated with great fanfare in all parts of the world.(aka)