IMPERIUMDAILY.COM – YOGYAKARTA – When traveling to Yogyakarya (Jogja) it feels bad if you don’t visit the Tamansari complex that was built by Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I in 1758 AD, on an area of 10 ha with 57 buildings. These buildings have baths, suspension bridges, water canals, artificial lakes, artificial islands, mosques, and underground passageways.
Quoted from https://www.kratonjogja.id/ the park is nicknamed Water Kasteel because of the pools and water elements that surround it. Also called The Fragrant Garden because the fragrant trees and flowers are planted in the gardens around the building.
Tamansari’s design was based on the ideas of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I, while the technical drawings were done by a Portuguese national who was allegedly coming from the Gowa region, Sulawesi. This architect from Portugal was known as Demang Tegis, a name that was most likely sourced from his nationality. The leader of the Tamansari development project was held by Tumenggung Mangundipuro, who was then replaced by Prince Notokusumo.
Tamansari was founded on a pennant or spring known as the Umbul Pacethokan. In the Tamansari complex there are two artificial lakes, called segaran. The word segaran is derived from the word segara which means ocean. One is on the east side with an artificial island in the middle called Pulo Gedhong, and one is on the west side with an artificial island in the middle called Pulo Kenanga. The two segments are connected by a canal that cuts through the connecting corridor of Maran Plataran and Kamaranhungan Kidul Plataran. Gardens containing various fruit plants grow lush flanking the canal.
Besides functioning as a recreation area, Tamansari also has a defense and religious function. The defense function appears on the thick and tall perimeter walls, gates which are equipped with security, and bastions or tulak reinforcements as a place to put weapons. In addition, there are several underground roads that connect one place to another. Also the high position of the Pulo Kenanga building, allegedly functioned as a place of observation when the enemy came.
The religious function is shown by the presence of the Gumuling and Pulo Panembung Well Buildings. The circular Gumuling Well has a function as a mosque, while Pulo Panembung is used by the Sultan as a place for meditation. Both of these buildings are in the middle of the Segaran pond, appearing poking out in the middle of a wide stretch of water.
Initially, the Pesanggrahan Tamansari building faced west, so the front hall (gledegan) was located to the south of Plengkung Jagabaya (Plengkung Tamansari). The segment has a front tunnel straight north to the Plengkung Jagasura (Plengkung Ngasem). As a tourist attraction, now the entrance to this complex changes to the east using the door that was once the back door.
In 1867, during the reign of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono VI, there was a major earthquake that destroyed buildings in Yogyakarta. Tamansari building complex was damaged quite badly and became neglected. Many residents then build dwellings between former gardens and buildings.
Serious renovations began in 1977. Some buried buildings were demolished. However, very few parts of the Tamansari building can be saved.
Another major earthquake occurred in the Yogyakarta region in 2006. This tectonic earthquake with a magnitude of 5.9 magnitude once again brought damage to Tamansari. The renovation and revitalization process was carried out, several buildings were repaired, strengthened and overlayed.
Tamansari which had lived in ruins now began to preen. Although squeezed by the houses of residents, the remnants await tourists who want to see the splendor of the king’s garden from the past.(aka)